Common Causes of

Dizziness

Common Causes of Dizziness

The Common Causes of Dizziness that we treat include:

BPPV (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo)

This type of vertigo is often described as spinning or dizziness that occurs with positional changes such as getting into or out of bed, bending over, or looking up. The dizziness may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting and usually lasts for less than a minute, but may occur several times per day depending on your movement. Although the vertigo is short lived, it is not uncommon to feel unsteady or “woozy” throughout the day. BPPV is caused by the otoconia (crystals in the inner ear) becoming displaced. It is common after head trauma and as we get older. Our physical therapists can treat BPPV with repositioning maneuvers to stop the vertigo and, if needed, recommend appropriate exercises to improve balance and decrease motion sensitivity.

Vestibular Neuritis/Labyrinthitis

Vestibular neuritis is inflammation of the vestibular nerve and labyrinthitis is inflammation of the labyrinth. This usually presents as true vertigo or spinning, visual problems and imbalance that does not change with positional changes or lack of movement. Our therapists will assess how your inner ear function is affecting your gaze stability and balance and prescribe a personalized exercise program to help your brain adapt so that your dizziness decreases and your balance improves. The appropriate exercises will be progressed as you improve and the progression is dependent on the consistency with which the exercises are performed.

Other Vestibular Disorders

VRT is an important part of the management of many other vestibular disorders such as:

  • Migraine associated vertigo (MAV)
  • Meniere’s Disease
  • Autoimmune Ear Disease
  • Central vestibular Disorder
  • Mal de debarquement
  • Ototoxicity

Age Related Dizziness & Disequilibrium

While unsteadiness and falls are NOT a normal part of aging, they become more common as we age. Due to changes in your inner ear, eyes, nerves and muscles, older individuals are more likely to have balance problems and potentially falls. Our therapist will perform a comprehensive assessment of all of your systems related to balance and design an individualized program to improve your balance and safety.

FOR MORE INFORMATION REGARDING VESTIBULAR DISORDERS AND VESTIBULAR REHAB, PLEASE VISIT www.vestibular.org

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